UNACCEPTABLE DNL - above 75 decibels Noise exposure at the site is so severe that the construction cost to make the indoor noise environment acceptable may be prohibitive and the outdoor environment would still be unacceptable.
VERY HIGH FREQUENCY (VHF) OMNIDIRECTIONAL RANGE (VOR) - A radio transmitter facility in the navigation system radiating a VHF radio wave modulated by two signals, the relative phases of which are compared, resolved, and displayed by a compatible airborne receiver to give the pilot a direct indication of bearing relative to the facility.
VFR See VISUAL FLIGHT RULES.
VFR AIRPORT - An airport without an authorized or planned instrument approach procedure.
VISUAL APPROACH PROCEDURES - An approach to an airport wherein an aircraft on an IFR flight plan, operating in VFR conditions under the control of a radar facility and having air traffic control authorization, may deviate from the prescribed instrument approach procedure and proceed to and land at the airport of destination, served by an operational ATCT, by visual reference to the surface.
VISUAL APPROACH SLOPE INDICATOR (VASI) - An airport lighting facility in the terminal area navigation system used primarily under VFR conditions. It provides vertical visual guidance to indicate whether the aircraft is on, above, or below the glide slope to the runway. (See PRECISION APPROACH PATH INDICATOR.)
VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR) - A set of regulations that a pilot may operate under when weather conditions meet certain minimum requirements. The requirements are designed to provide sufficient visibility so that other aircraft can be seen and avoided. Under VFR, the pilot generally controls the attitude of the aircraft by relying on what can be seen out the window, although this may be supplemented by referring to the instrument panel.
VISUAL FLIGHT RULE (VFR) CONDITIONS - Meteorological conditions under which VFR flight is permitted. For VFR flight certain requirements for visibility, ceilings (for takeoffs and landings), and cloud clearances must be met.
VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC) See VISUAL FLIGHT RULE CONDITIONS.
VISUAL RUNWAY - A runway intended solely for the operation of aircraft using visual approach procedures, with no straight in instrument approach procedure and no instrument designation indicated on an FAA-approved Airport Layout Plan, or by any planning document submitted to the FAA by competent authority.
ZBW - Three letter identifier for the Boston Air Traffic Control Center.
ZONING AND ZONING ORDINANCES - Ordinances that divide a community into zones or districts according to the current and potential use of properties for the purpose of controlling and directing the use and development of those properties. Zoning is concerned primarily with the use of land and buildings, the height and bulk of buildings, the proportion of a lot that buildings may cover, and the density of population of a given area. As an instrument for noise compatibility plan implementation, zoning deals principally with the use and development of privately owned land and buildings. The objectives of zoning are to establish regulations that provide locations for all essential uses of land and buildings and ensure that each use is located in the most appropriate place. In noise compatibility planning, zoning can be used to achieve two major aims: (1) to reinforce existing compatible land uses and promote the location of future compatible uses in vacant or underdeveloped land, and (2) to convert existing incompatible uses to compatible uses over time.